Awareness of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection among antenatal clients in Nnewi Nigeria

C.I Okafor, V.O Dinwoke, G.O Udigwe

Available online Jul 18, 2018.

[ Original ] Volume 23, Issue 1, 2014, Pages 20-25


Abstract

Objective: To determine the level of awareness of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection
among antenatal clients in Nnewi Nigeria.
Subjects and Methods: A cross sectional descriptive study of six hundred consecutive antenatal clients
attending the Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital and five private specialist hospitals (run by
st th Consultant Obstetricians) in Nnewi was conducted over a six-month period (1 September 2008 -28
February 2009). Anonymous, structured, pretested questionnaire designed to assess the awareness of
HIV infection was used.
Results: The mean age of all the 600 clients was 31.4 (SD 2.8) years, majority were married (94%) and in
the third trimester of pregnancy (69%). Most (58%) attended secondary school while 0.83% had no
formal education. Only 2% had complete knowledge of the modes of HIV transmission while majority
(96.5%) had partial knowledge. There was a statistically significant relationship between level of
education and knowledge of HIV (p<0.00001). HIV test was done on 419(69.84%); 37 tested positive
giving a seroprevalence rate of 8.83%. Among those tested, only 51.55% had counseling before testing.
Conclusion: This study showed that the knowledge of HIV among women of child bearing age and the
practice of voluntary counseling and testing are still poor in our environment. Improved public
enlightenment and training of health workers are urgently needed.


Keywords

Antenatal, HIV, awareness, Counseling and Testing.,

January - March 2014

Volume 23 | Issue 1

Page Nos. 20-25

Online since Jul 13, 2018

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