SELF-REPORTED ADHERENCE TO TREATMENT: A STUDY OF SOCIOECONOMIC FACTORS AND PSYCHIATRIC MORBIDITY AMONG MALE AND FEMALE PATIENTS WITH HIV INFECTION IN SOKOTO, NIGERIA.

Mufutau A Yunusa , Chibueze H Njoku , Ayo Obembe

Available online Jul 18, 2018.

[ Original ] Volume 23, Issue 1, 2014, Pages 33-39


Abstract

Objective: Adherence to treatment is important and relevant in HIV treatment. Previous studies in sub
Sahara Africa and south western Nigeria reported that psychiatric morbidity influence treatment
adherence.
The present study was to examine treatment adherence among the male and the female patients with
HIV infection and the effect of socioeconomic factors and psychiatric morbidity on treatment
adherence .
Methods: A total of 159 patients which comprised of 48 male and 111 female who were eligible for this
cross sectional prospective study were included having given their consent to participate.
Questionnaire relating to socioeconomic factors and treatment adherence were administered.
Psychiatric morbidity was assessed using HADS. Data was analyzed with SPSS for windows version
16.0.
Results: Treatment adherence was poor in 5.3% of the patients. The male patients had slightly better
adherence than the female patients. Factors associated with poor treatment adherence include poor
clinic attendance, presence of anxiety symptoms in males and poor education attainment in females.
Conclusion: Treatment adherence is related to socioeconomic factors and psychiatric morbidity.
Treatment protocol in which mental health and detailed socioeconomic circumstance of patient is an
integral part should be encouraged.


Keywords

Adherence, HIV, infection, Patient, Treatment,

January - March 2014

Volume 23 | Issue 1

Page Nos. 33-39

Online since Jul 13, 2018

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