Available online Oct 8, 2017.
[ Original ] Volume 26, Issue 1, 2017, Pages 5-10
INTRODUCTION: Caesarean section remains the most common major operation performed on women
worldwide and the rate is increasing.The World Health Organization (WHO) consider caesarean section rate of 5-
15% to be optimum.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate of caesarean section, major indications, pregnancy out-come and the complications. Subjects and Methods:This is a prospective study of all the cases of caesarean sections performed between 1st of January,2012 and 31th of December,2013 at UDUTH,Sokoto-Nigeria.The data were collated and analyzed using statistical soft package ware for social sciences (SPSS) version 20.
RESULTS:A total of 4,115 deliveries were recorded during the study period and 435 of them (10.6%) were through caesarean section (CS). Emergency CS accounted for 65.1% of caesarean deliveries.The mean age was 28±6 years. Previous CS was the commonest indication for caesarean section (25.7%). Elective CS had better fetal outcome (t = 7.440,df =388.523,p < 0.001),while spinal anaesthesia was associated with less blood loss (t = 4.569, df=63.223 and p < 0.001) and better fetal outcome (t = 4.237, df = 57.224, p < 0.001).Anaemia (19.8%) was the commonest complications encountered in the post operative period.
CONCLUSION: The CS rate from this study is within the WHO recommended rate. Previous CS was the commonest indication,the outcome was better among women that had elective CS under regional anaesthesia.
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Volume 26 | Issue 1
Page Nos. 5-10
Online since Oct 3, 2017