SPUTUM SMEAR PATTERN AMONG PATIENTS DIAGNOSED WITH PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS IN MAKURDI, NORTH CENTRAL NIGERIA.

Gomerep SS , Eze UA , Chiegboka LO , Olanipekun TO , Ezeudu CC , Shityo T , Isa SE

Available online Jul 19, 2018.

[ Original ] Volume 24, Issue 3, 2015, Pages 201-206


Abstract

BACKGROUND
Tuberculosis (TB) is endemic in Nigeria due mainly to the high burden of HIV/AIDS and especially in Benue state
which has the highest prevalence of HIV in Nigeria.Sputum smear examination is of importance in the diagnosis of
pulmonary TB and can be smear-positive or negative. In this study, we analyzed the sputum smear results of all
patients diagnosed to have PTB during the time under review.
METHODS
The study was a retrospective study done with records of patients diagnosed with PTB between July 2009 and July
2011.The sample size was 305.
AIM
To determine the smear patterns in pulmonary tuberculosis and its relationship with HIV status.
RESULTS
There was slight male preponderance among the study group.37% were found to be smear positive,out of which
63.7% and 36.3% were males and females respectively.
The highest frequency was between 21 – 40 years and in this age group there were more males than females.72.1%
were TB/HIV co-infected and 29.1% of the TB/HIV co-infected patients had smear-positive Tuberculosis.
CONCLUSION
There is a high burden of TB/HIV co-infection affecting predominantly the youths.Sputum smear results in TB/HIV
co-infection are largely negative.There is the need for provision of other diagnostic tests to improve the diagnosis
of TB in our environment and targeted intervention among the youth to reduce the burden of TB/HIV.


Keywords

Tuberculosis (TB) is endemic,

July - September 2015

Volume 24 | Issue 3

Page Nos. 201-206

Online since Jul 12, 2018

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