PREVALENCE OF HYPERTENSION AMONG FIREFIGHTERS IN RIVERS STATE, SOUTH- SOUTH, NIGERIA

Douglas, Kingsley Enyinnah; Oraekesi, Chidi Kelvin

Available online Jul 19, 2018.

[ Original ] Volume 24, Issue 3, 2015, Pages 213-222


Abstract

BACKGROUND: High blood pressure is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa and
firemen (firefighters) may be especially predisposed to it or even exacerbate pre-existing hypertension as a result
of the nature of their job.This study was to determine the prevalence of hypertension among firemen in Rivers
state,South-South Nigeria.
METHODS:Following ethical clearance,125 consenting firemen of the Rivers State Fire Service were recruited in
this descriptive cross sectional study.They responded to a pre-tested, structured, closed-endedself-administered
questionnaire which probed their socio-demographics, knowledge, attitude and practice towards hypertension.
Also,their blood pressures,heights and weights were measured from where Body Mass Index (BMI) was calculated.
A Walk Through Survey for immediate work place situation and safety was carried out. Data collected were later
analyzed using descriptive and analytical statistical tools.
RESULTS: There was a 9.6% prevalence of hypertension among this group of workers in Rivers State. The
workforce was essentially young with a modal age group of between 31-36 years. The attendant associated risk
factors included altered sleep patterns, over weight and smoking which were all statistically significant P < 0.05.
Whilst knowledge of hypertension was high (96%),the behaviour of respondents towards prevention and control
of hypertension was poor.
CONCLUSION:There ishypertension among firemen of the Rivers State Fire Service occasioned by modifiable
risk factors despite adequate knowledge. It is recommended that intensive health education, early detection and
treatment be instituted among this group of workers.


Keywords

Prevalence, Firemen, Hypertension,

July - September 2015

Volume 24 | Issue 3

Page Nos. 213-222

Online since Jul 12, 2018

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