PREDICTORS OF INTESTINAL HELMINTHIC INFECTIONS AMONG SCHOOL CHILDREN IN GWAGWALADA, ABUJA, NIGERIA

Nwalorzie C, Onyenakazi SC, Ogwu SO, Okafor AN

Available online Jul 19, 2018.

[ Original ] Volume 24, Issue 3, 2015, Pages 233-241


Abstract

BACKGROUND
Prevalence and risk factors predisposing to intestinal helminthic infections vary widely. Risk factors to intestinal
helminthic infections among children have not been documented in Gwagwalada, Nigeria which necessitated
present study.
OBJECTIVE
To determine risk factors to intestinal helminthiasis among children aged 1 – 15 years in Gwagwalada,Nigeria.
METHODS
Cross-sectional study was carried out from June to November,2011 in public schools using multi-staged,random
sampling.Risk factors and helminth species were determined.Multiple stool samples were analyzed using the Kato-
Katz technique.Participants had a single anal swab to search for Enterobius ova.
RESULTS
Of 220 subjects evaluated, prevalence rate of intestinal helminthic infections was 73.2%. Most common helminth
identified was Ascaris lumbricoides (40.9%) and least was Trichostrongylus species (2.3%). Logistic regression
analysis showed that significant, predictors of intestinal helminthiasis among subjects were female gender (P=
0.028), lack of hand washing after defecation (P< 0.01), multiple sources of drinking water (P= 0.011) and eating of
unwashed fruits/vegetables (P= 0.012).
CONCLUSION
The present study identified predictors of intestinal helminthiasis among children Gwagwalada. Efforts should be
made to institute regular health education, provision of potable water, environmental sanitation and de-worming
programmes for children,as ways of reducing burden of the infections.


Keywords

Intestinal helminths; prevalence, risk factors, predictors; World Health Organization; Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, Nigeri,

July - September 2015

Volume 24 | Issue 3

Page Nos. 233-241

Online since Jul 12, 2018

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