EFFECTS OF ROOT CANAL IRRIGANTS ON THE PLANKTONIC FORM OF ENTEROCOCCUS FAECALIS: A REVIEW

Zahed Mohammadi

Available online Jul 19, 2018.

[ Review ] Volume 24, Issue 3, 2015, Pages 261-267


Abstract

BACKGROUND: Bacteria play an essential role in the initiation and perpetuation of pulpal and periapical
pathoses.Enterococcus faecalis is associated with both primary and persistent endodontic infections.However,the
frequency of E.faecalis in persistent periradicular lesions has been shown to be very higher than primary infections.
AIM: The purpose of this paper was to review the effect of various irrigation solutions such as sodium
hypochlorite,chlorhexidine,MTAD and Tetraclean against E.faecalis.
METHODS: Papers used in this review were found by searching the key words (Root canal irrigant, sodium
hypochlorite,chlorhexidine,MTAD,Tetraclean,Enterococcus faecalis) in PubMed.
RESULTS:It seems that,although some both sodium hypochlorite and chlorhexidine were very effective against E.
faecalis.The other discussed irrigant and Tetraclean,MTAD,were effective against E. faecalis in both agar diffusion
test and tooth model experiments.
CONCLUSION:It can be concluded that all discussed irrigation solutions were effective against the planktonic
form of Enterococcus faecalis


Keywords

Root canal irrigant, sodium hypochlorite, chlorhexidine, MTAD, Tetraclean, Enterococcus faecalis,

July - September 2015

Volume 24 | Issue 3

Page Nos. 261-267

Online since Jul 12, 2018

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