Available online Jul 19, 2018.
[ Review ] Volume 24, Issue 3, 2015, Pages 281-288
The global scourge of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is inundating,especially in sub-Saharan Africa
and in particular Nigeria which is home to 10% of the world's HIV-infected persons.The target of the millennium
development goal 6 is to halt and reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS by 2015. HIV control in Nigeria was initially
shrouded in denial and apathy. Subsequently, a more pragmatic approach was launched during the tenure of
President Olusegun Obasanjo. Several policies were formulated.The national prevalence of HIV witnessed some
progressive decline and is currently 4.1%.There is now improvement in both HIV awareness and counselling and
testing. Greater access to antiretroviral therapy and other support services have also been witnessed with over
300,000 persons currently on drugs. Notable achievements have been recorded in prevention of mother to child
transmission (PMTC).However, with increased access to antiretroviral therapy, antiretroviral drug resistance has
become inevitable.Acquired drug resistance is high-82% and transmitted drug resistance ranges between 0.7 and
The achievements were largely facilitated by international partnerships which have become more streamlined in
recent years.A sustained shift to indigenously sourced financial and manpower resource has become imperative.It
is also important to integrate HIV facilities with other existing health care facilities for sustainability and costeffectiveness.
In an attempt to strengthen the national response, President Goodluck Ebele Jonathan launched the
President's Comprehensive Response Plan for HIV/AIDS in Nigeria. It is hoped that this well-articulated policy
would be well implemented to significantly reverse the epidemic
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Volume 24 | Issue 3
Page Nos. 281-288
Online since Jul 12, 2018