MANDIBULAR FRACTURES CAUSED BY SPORTS: A DESCRIPTIVE CLINICAL STUDY OF 72 PATIENTS MANAGED IN A TERTIARY HEALTH FACILITY.

Charles E. Anyanechi, Birch D. Saheeb

Available online Jul 12, 2018.

[ Original ] Volume 26, Issue 4, 2017, Pages 316-319


Abstract

 

BACKGROUND: There is need to understand the nature of sports-related traumatic injuries to the oro-facial region in an environment due to increasing popularity of sports.

 

 

 

OBJECTIVE: To report the prevalence, characteristics, treatment approach and outcome of mandibular fractures sustained through sports.

 

 

 

PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a descriptive clinical study that evaluated mandibular fractures sustained during sports over 10 years. The data analyzed were age, sex, occupation, mechanism of injury, site, concomitant injuries, and monthly/yearly distribution of patients, treatment and complications.

 

 

 

RESULTS: The prevalence of sports related mandibular fractures over the 10 year period was 72 (7.4%) patients who had 79 (5.7%) different fractures. This prevalence was optimum in the month of July and in the year, 2012. The male to female ratio was 11:1. Their ages ranged from 16-31 years but majority (76.4%) were between 20 to 27 years (P=0.001). The frequency of patients was less in the first five years (43.1%) when compared with the subsequent five years (56.9%) of the ten-year study period (P=0.03). Football related injuries in patients (87.5%, P=0.000) were the most common cause. Concomitant injuries occurred in 23 (32.0%) subjects, and these were mostly cerebral concussion (n=13, 18.1%). The methods of treatment utilized to manage the patients were conservative (n=10, 13.9%) and closed reduction (n=62, 86.1%). Limitation of mouth opening was complication in 3 (4.2%) patients treated by inter-maxillary fixation and these were corrected during follow-up.

 

 

 

CONCLUSION: Although the treatment outcome was good, this study has shown an increasing trend in the occurrence of mandibular fractures.

 

 

 


Keywords

mandibular fractures, oro-facial region,

October- December 2017

Volume 26 | Issue 4

Page Nos. 316-319

Online since Jul 12, 2018

Related Articles

library_books
COMPARING THE EFFECTS OF HAEMATOMA BLOCK AND CONSCIOUS SEDATION IN ADULTS WITH DISTAL RADIUS FRACTURES.

Onuoha K.M, Orimolade E.A, Onuoha C.E.O, Adegbehingbe O.O, Ikem I.C

library_books
SONOGRAPHIC NORMATIVE VALUES OF CAROTID INTIMA-MEDIA THICKNESS IN AN ADULT NIGERIAN POPULATION

Owoeye SC1, Ani CC1, Kenis SF2, Ukaonu BC1, Odoh G3, Angbalaga A1

library_books
library_books
View more